Validation of the BASR relaxation technique for the control of craving, anxiety and stress in an experimental nicotine withdrawal set

Fernando Calvo Francés, Elba Betancort Tabares, María Dolores Díaz Palarea


Anxiety, craving and stress are associated with a higher riskof recurrence and a success reduction of smoking cessationprograms. Relaxation techniques are one of the resourcesthat psychology can bring to bear on these programs. TheBrief Automated Suggestive Relaxation technique (BASR)is presented. Its design carries with it the idea of creatinga brief and self-applied procedure which allows one toobtain results from the outset with minimum effort by bothpatient and therapist. This technique is confirmed withinthe multi-component program for smoking cessation as aconfrontation resource for symptoms of anxiety/craving/stress deriving from quit smoking and nicotine WithdrawalSyndrome, its possible effectiveness was studied. Therewere 45 participants and all were smokers (average age of43.91, 55.6% women), randomly divided in two groups:BASR condition (15 minutes relaxation session) or controlcondition (15 minutes rest session). Two standardized tests were used for the evaluation, the Anxiety-State scale (STAI-S)and the Differential Stress Inventory of Adjectives for theStudy of Moods (IDDA-EA). An analogical qualificationScale of Smoking Desire was also used. In agreement withfindings, a positive effect and the efficacy of the techniqueemployed for the control of craving, anxiety and stress insmokers was corroborated.

Palabras clave

anxiety, craving, relaxation, smoking, stress, withdrawal Syndrome.

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